Frequently asked questions - Child assistance measure
You can find answers to your questions rapidly in the FAQ. For further information, consult the section Children.
All eligible families with one or more dependent children under age 18 are entitled to the child assistance payment. To be eligible for child assistance payments, a person must meet the following conditions:
- Be responsible for the care and education of a child under the age of 18
- The child lives with the beneficiary or has been placed elsewhere by a youth centre and the beneficiary pays the contribution required by the centre.
- Live in Québec (in accordance with the Québec Taxation Act)
- The beneficiary and his or her spouse has one of the following statuses:
- Canadian citizen
- permanent resident
- temporary resident who has been living in Canada for at least 18 months
- protected person.
- In the case of a birth in Québec, an application does not have to be made in order to receive child assistance payments. The Directeur de l'état civil informs us of the birth and the child will automatically be registered for child assistance payments.
- In some situations (adoption, obtaining shared custody, change of custody, a family's arrival in Québec, obtaining or keeping custody of a child following the breakdown of a union), an application will have to be made to receive child assistance payments.
The amount of the child assistance payment varies from one family to another. The calculation takes into account:
- the number of dependent children under the age of 18 who live with the beneficiary
- whether or not the custody of a child is shared
- the net family income (the combined total of both spouses' income as indicated on line 275 of the Québec income tax return)
- the family situation (single-parent or two-parent)
Maximum and minimum yearly amountsVoir la note note 1 in 2017
|4th and subsequent children
|Minimum assistance in all cases
- Note 1The amount of the child assistance payment is indexed in January of each year.
Yearly amounts for a handicapped child
|Supplement for handicapped children
|Supplement for handicapped children with exceptional care needs
For single-parent families, a supplement of not less than 337 $ and up to a maximum of 845 $ is added to the basic child assistance payment. CalculAide can be used to find out how much could be paid, depending on a given situation.
Yes. Child assistance
payments and the supplement for handicapped child are indexed in January of each year.
First, when the beneficiary receives a Notice of Acceptance confirming entitlement to child assistance payments.
Then, in May and June of each year, Retraite Québec sends all Québec families with a dependent child under age 18 an annual notice of child assistance. The notice indicates the information Retraite Québec has about the beneficiary's family situation as well as the amount that will be paid from July of the current year to June of the following year.
The child assistance payment and the supplement for handicapped children are not taxable. Moreover, they cannot be transferred or seized.
In cases of shared custody, child assistance payments are made to both parents at the same time, without interruption, and according to the payment frequency (quarterly or monthly) chosen by each parent.
We consider that a child is in shared custody when the child lives alternately with each parent between 40% and 60% of the time each month.
Child assistance payments and the supplement for handicapped children stop in the month following the one in which the child turns 18.