Employers whose activities are under federal jurisdiction
Employers whose activities fall under federal jurisdiction include the following:
- marine shipping, ferry and port services
- air transportation, including airports, aerodromes and airlines
- railway and road transportation that involves crossing provincial or international borders
- canals, pipelines, tunnels and bridges (crossing provincial borders)
- telephone, telegraph and cable systems
- radio and television broadcasting
- grain elevators, feed and seed mills
- uranium mining and processing
- businesses dealing with the protection of fisheries as a natural resource
- many First Nation activities
- most federal Crown corporations
- private businesses necessary to the operation of a federal act.
Employers whose activities are not under federal jurisdiction fall under provincial jurisdiction.
A helpful example...
ABC Transport specializes in road transportation. It carries on its activities in Québec and, for several years, in the Maritimes. The company's activities are under federal jurisdiction because it is involved in road transportation that involves crossing provincial borders. When ABC Transport was active in Québec only, its activities were under provincial jurisdiction.