Frequently asked questions - Child assistance measure

Child assistance is a refundable tax credit administered by Retraite Québec. It is paid directly to all eligible families with dependent children under age 18.

The measure consists of the child assistance payment, the supplement for handicapped children and the supplement for handicapped children with exceptional care needs.

Retraite Québec.

All eligible families with one or more dependent children under age 18 are entitled to the child assistance payment. To be eligible for child assistance payments, a person must meet the following conditions:

  • Be responsible for the care and education of a child under the age of 18
  • The child lives with the beneficiary or has been placed elsewhere by a youth centre and the beneficiary pays the contribution required by the centre.
  • Live in Québec (in accordance with the Québec Taxation Act)
  • The beneficiary and his or her spouse has one of the following statuses:
    • Canadian citizen
    • permanent resident
    • temporary resident who has been living in Canada for at least 18 months
    • protected person.

  • In the case of a birth in Québec, an application does not have to be made in order to receive child assistance payments. The Directeur de l'état civil informs us of the birth and the child will automatically be registered for child assistance payments.
  • In some situations (adoption, obtaining shared custody, change of custody, a family's arrival in Québec, obtaining or keeping custody of a child following the breakdown of a union), an application will have to be made to receive child assistance payments.

The amount of the child assistance payment varies from one family to another. The calculation takes into account:

  • the number of dependent children under the age of 18 who live with the beneficiary
  • whether or not the custody of a child is shared
  • the net family income (the combined total of both spouses' income as indicated on line 275 of the Québec income tax return)
  • the family situation (single-parent or two-parent)

Maximum and minimum yearly amountsVoir la note note 1 in 2017
Maximum assistance  Amount
1st child $2410
2nd child $1204
3rd child $1204
4th and subsequent children $1806
Single-parent family + $845
Minimum assistance in all cases Amount
1st child $676
2nd child $625
Single-parent family + $337
  1. Note 1The amount of the child assistance payment is indexed in January of each year.
Yearly amounts for a handicapped child
Supplement for handicapped children $2280
Supplement for handicapped children with exceptional care needs $11 448

For single-parent families, a supplement of not less than 337 $ and up to a maximum of 845 $ is added to the basic child assistance payment. CalculAide This link will open in a new window. can be used to find out how much could be paid, depending on a given situation.

Yes. Child assistance payments and the supplement for handicapped child are indexed in January of each year.

First, when the beneficiary receives a Notice of Acceptance confirming entitlement to child assistance payments.

Then, in May and June of each year, Retraite Québec sends all Québec families with a dependent child under age 18 an annual notice of child assistance. The notice indicates the information Retraite Québec has about the beneficiary's family situation as well as the amount that will be paid from July of the current year to June of the following year.

The child assistance payment, the supplement for handicapped children and the supplement for handicapped children with exceptional care needs are not taxable. Moreover, they cannot be transferred or seized.

The supplement for handicapped children is 190 $ a month, regardless of the family income. The supplement for handicapped children is indexed every year.

The amount of the supplement for handicapped children with exceptional care needs is $954 per month, regardless of family income. The amount is indexed in January of each year.

In cases of shared custody, child assistance payments are made to both parents at the same time, without interruption, and according to the payment frequency (quarterly or monthly) chosen by each parent.

We consider that a child is in shared custody when the child lives alternately with each parent between 40% and 60% of the time each month.

Child assistance payments and, if applicable, the supplement for handicapped children and the supplement for handicapped children with exceptional care needs stop in the month following the one in which the child turns 18.

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