Frequently asked questions - The Family Allowance

The Family Allowance measure  is a refundable tax credit administered by Retraite Québec. It is paid directly to all eligible families with dependent children under age 18.

This financial measure includes the Family Allowance, the supplement for the purchase of school supplies, the supplement for handicapped children and the Supplement for Handicapped Children Requiring Exceptional Care.

Retraite Québec.

All eligible families with one or more dependent children under age 18 are entitled to the Family Allowance payment. To be eligible for the Family Allowance payments, a person must meet the following conditions:

  • Be responsible for the care and education of a child under the age of 18
  • The child lives with the beneficiary or has been placed elsewhere by a youth centre and the beneficiary pays the contribution required by the centre.
  • Live in Québec (in accordance with the Québec Taxation Act)
  • The beneficiary and his or her spouse has one of the following statuses:
    • Canadian citizen
    • permanent resident
    • temporary resident who has been living in Canada for at least 18 months
    • protected person.

In the case of a birth in Québec, an application does not have to be made in order to receive the Family Allowance payments. The Directeur de l'état civil informs us of the birth and the child will automatically be registered for the Family Allowance payments. In some situations (adoption, obtaining shared custody, change of custody, a family's arrival in Québec, obtaining or keeping custody of a child following the breakdown of a union), an application will have to be made to receive the Family Allowance payments.

The amount of the Family Allowance payment varies from one family to another. The calculation takes into account:

  • the number of dependent children under the age of 18 who live with the beneficiary
  • whether or not the custody of a child is shared
  • the net family income (the combined total of both spouses' income as indicated on line 275 of the Québec income tax return)
  • the family situation (single-parent or two-parent)

Maximum and minimum yearly amounts - 2019See note 1
Maximum amount Amount
1st child $2472
2nd child $1735See note 2
3rd child $1735See note 2
4th and subsequent children$1852
Single-parent family + $867
Minimum amount Amount
1st child $694
2nd child $641
Single-parent family+ $346
  1. Note 1 : The amount of the Family Allowance payment is indexed in January of each year.
  2. Note 2 : The amount includes the maximum allowance of $500 per year for the second and third children, as announced by the Gouvernement du Québec during the 2018 Update on Québec's Economic and Financial Situation on 3 December 2018. Since January 2019, numerous families in Québec have been receiving additional financial assistance for the second and third children under 18. Are you eligible for the additional amount?
Yearly amount for the purchase of school supplies - 2019
Supplement for the Purchase of School Supplies$102
Yearly amounts for a handicapped child - 2019
Supplement for Handicapped Children$2340
Supplement for Handicapped Children with Exceptional  Care 
Tier 1$11 736
Tier 2$7 824

To receive the addition financial assistance of $500 per child (2nd and 3rd) as announced by the Gouvernement du Québec in December 2018, you must:

  • be receiving Family Allowance payments
  • have at least two dependent children under 18
  • have a net family income of less than $108 344, if you have two children
  • have a net family income of less than $123 194, if you have three children.

The additional financial assistance is divided into equal payments based on the payment frequency chosen for the benefit (monthly or quarterly). The increased amount is included in your regular Family Allowance payment as of April 2019.

Even if your net family income is more than the amounts listed above, you still could be eligible for an increase in your Family Allowance amount. However, the additional amount will be less than $500 and will be determined based on your family situation. If your net family income is above a certain level, only the minimum Allowance is paid for the 2nd and 3rd dependent children under 18. To find out the amount of the Family Allowance payment to which you could be entitled, use our CalculAide Tool.

Yes. The Familiy Allowance payments and the supplement for handicapped child are indexed in January of each year.

First, when the beneficiary receives a Notice of Acceptance confirming entitlement to the Family Allowance payment.

Then, in May and June of each year, Retraite Québec sends all Québec families with a dependent child under age 18 an annual notice of Family Allowance. The notice indicates the information Retraite Québec has about the beneficiary's family situation as well as the amount that will be paid from July of the current year to June of the following year.

The Family Allowance payment, the supplement for handicapped children and the Supplement for Handicapped Children Requiring Exceptional Care are not taxable. Moreover, they cannot be transferred or seized.

The supplement for handicapped children is $195 a month, regardless of the family income. The supplement for handicapped children is indexed every year.

The amount of the Supplement for Handicapped Children Requiring Exceptional Care is $978 per month, regardless of family income. The amount is indexed in January of each year.

In cases of shared custody, the Family Allowance payments are made to both parents at the same time, without interruption, and according to the payment frequency (quarterly or monthly) chosen by each parent. We consider that a child is in shared custody when the child lives alternately with each parent between 40% and 60% of the time each month.

The Family Allowance payments and, if applicable, the supplement for handicapped children and the Supplement for Handicapped Children Requiring Exceptional Care stop in the month following the one in which the child turns 18.

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