Eligibility for the Family Allowance

To be eligible for the Family Allowance, all of the following conditions must be met:

  • You or your spouse are responsible for the care and education of a child under the age of 18.
  • The child lives or lived with you at the time when he or she was temporarily institutionalized by an establishment in the health and social services sector.
  • You or your spouse live in Québec (in accordance with the Québec Taxation Act).
  • You or your spouse have one of the following statuses:
    • Canadian citizen
    • permanent resident
    • temporary resident who has been living in Canada for at least 18 months
    • protected person.

You are not entitled to the Family Allowance if:

  • you are the child's foster family
  • you are exonerated from paying tax by Revenue Québec
  • you are waiting for a protected person status (refugee claimant)
  • your child is married or in a de facto (common law) union and the child's spouse was entitled to a transfer from one spouse to the other

Make an application if required

A streamlined procedure for newborns

In the case of a birth in Québec, no application is required in order to receive Family Allowance payments. The child is automatically signed up for the Family Allowance when the birth is declared to the Directeur de l'état civil.

Other situations

You must file an Application for Family Allowance Payments if:

  • you adopt a child
  • you are an immigrant or become a resident of Québec
  • your child arrives in or returns to Québec
  • you live in Québec but your child was born outside Québec
  • you obtain custody of a child
  • you obtain shared custody of a child
  • you retain custody of a child following a separation and you are not already receiving Family allowance in your name
  • Retraite Québec requires an application to be filed.

Access your file online at any time!

My Account allows you to:

  • update your information
  • file and track your applications
  • find out the amounts that you have received or will receive
  • receive and consult your documents digitally only
  • sign up for notifications to receive an email and/or a text message when changes are made to your file or when a document is uploaded to your file.

Your first payment

We will send you your first Family Allowance payment within a maximum of 40 days following receipt of the declaration of your child's birth from the Directeur de l'état civil This link will open in a new window..

Note that...
  • We can pay Family Allowance retroactively for a period of 11 months from the date an application is received if all of the eligibility requirements are met.
  • To receive Family Allowance, both parents must file their Québec income tax return, even if one or both of them do not have any income to declare. For more information on the income tax return, see Revenu Québec's Website This link will open in a new window.

Did you know?

The Family Allowance is not taxable.
The Family Allowance measure. Financial assistance for Québec families

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