Child assistance payments will now be named Family allowance. The Gouvernement du Québec made the announcement on 3 December 2018 while presenting its Update on Québec's Economic and Financial Situation. We are currently updating all of our publications to reflect this change. During the transition period, the former name of the program may still appear in some of our correspondence.
The Family Allowance
The Family Allowance provide financial assistance to all eligible families who have one or more dependent children under age 18.
When to file an application?
If your child is born in Québec,
you do not have to apply to receive the Family Allowance payment. When the birth of a child is declared to the
Directeur de l'état civil , the child is automatically signed up for the child assistance program.
You must apply for the Family Allowance if:
- you adopt a child
- you are an immigrant or become a resident of Québec
- your child arrives in or returns to Québec
- you live in Québec but your child was born outside Québec
- you obtain custody of a child
- you obtain shared custody of a child
- you retain custody of a child following the breakdown of your union and you were not previously receiving the Family Allowance in your name
- we ask you to apply for the Family Allowance.
Use the My Account online service to check the status of your application or request whenever you want!
Access My Account online to check the status of your application or request and see the changes made to your file instantly.
Your first payment
We will send you your first Family Allowance payment within a maximum of 40 days following receipt of the declaration of your child's birth from the
Directeur de l'état civil .
- We can pay the Family Allowance retroactively for a period of 11
months from the date an application is received if all of the
eligibility requirements are met.
- To receive the Family Allowance payment, both parents must file their Québec income tax return, even if one or both of them do not have any income to declare. For more information on the income tax return, see
Revenu Québec's Web site
Calculation of the amount
amount of the Family Allowance varies from one family to another. It is calculated on the basis of:
- the number of children under age 18 who are living with you
- the number of children in shared custody
- your family income
- your family situation (single-parent or two-parent).
To enable us to calculate the amount to which you are entitled, you and your spouse must file a
Québec income tax return.
Terms of payment
The Family Allowance payment are made to only one person per family.
- In cases of shared custody, the Family Allowance payment are made to both parents, according to the payment frequency (quarterly or monthly) chosen by each parent.
- A change in family status may have an effect on the amounts to which you are entitled. If you receive overpayments, you will have to
Change in your family situation
change in your family situation, we recalculate your Family allowance.
In order to receive the amounts to which you are entitled, you must
notify us if any of the following changes occur:
- A change in your conjugal situation (marriage, divorce, separation, etc.)
- New dependent child (adoption, obtained custody, etc.)
- A change in child custody time (end or start of shared custody)
- New Québec resident
- Change of immigrant status in Canada
- Leaving Québec
If you are responsible for the care and education of a child whose impairment or mental function disability significantly limits him or her in carrying out life habits for a period expected to last for at least one year, you could be entitled to the
supplement for handicapped children.
A child eligible for the supplement for handicapped children can also be eligible for
Supplement for handicapped children with exceptional care needs. The measure provides parents with financial assistance in assuming extraordinary responsibilities in administering care to or being constantly present for a child with a serious illness or severe disabilities.
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