Régie des rentes du Québec

The child assistance payment

Universal government assistance

The child assistance payment is a form of financial assistance paid to all eligible families with one or more dependent children under the age of 18 living with them.

A streamlined procedure for newborns

In the case of a birth in Québec, no application is required in order to receive child assistance payments. The child is automatically signed up for the child assistance program when the birth is declared to the Registrar of Civil Status.

The amount varies from one family to another

The amount of the child assistance payment varies from one family to another. It is determined on the basis of the following factors:

  • the number of dependent children under the age of 18 living with the beneficiary
  • the number of children in shared custody
  • the family income (this refers to the combined total of both spouses' incomes)  
  • the type of family (single-parent or two-parent) 

The beneficiaries must notify the Régie of any change in their family situation in order to receive the amounts to which they are entitled.


Note that...
  • The payment amount is recalculated in July of each year.
  • Since the calculation of the child assistance payment takes into account the total family income reported to Revenu Québec, an income tax declaration must be filed each year, even if one or both spouses had no income.
  • The child assistance amounts are indexed in January of each year.  
  • The child assistance payment is not taxable.


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