Calculating pensions

How are pensions under the Québec pension Plan calculated? Is there a way to increase the amount? The orphan's pension and the pension for a disabled person's child are fixed amounts. All the other pensions and benefits are calculated on the basis of:

The employment earnings recorded under the contributor's name since 1966, the year the Québec Pension Plan started

The age at which the contributor's pension began.

Calculating with the contributor's needs in mind

Certain months can be deducted from a contributory period (months during which no contributions were made or in which contributions were low). This increases the average monthly pensionable earnings, which increases the amount of a pension.

Those months are:

  • months for which a disability pension under the Québec Pension Plan or the Canada Pension Plan or an unreduced income replacement indemnity from the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST) was paid
  • starting in 1966  See Note 1, the months for which family benefits from Québec or Canada for a child under the age of 7 or the months during a contributor was eligible for such benefits but none were payable
  • those for which the contributor, the parent of a child requiring exceptional care, received benefits under the Supplement for Handicapped Children Requiring Exceptional Care See Note 2 program;
  • the months during which earnings were the lowest (up to 15% of the months in the contributory period)

  1. Note 1 Year in which the Québec Pension Plan came into effect Revenir à la référence
  2. Note 2This measure applies to applications for benefits received as of 1 January 2020 and covers the months during which the parent benefited from the Supplement for Handicapped Children Requiring Exceptional Care since its creation on 1 April 2016. Revenir à la référence

Did you know?

Your Statement of Participation in the Québec Pension Plan tells you how much you have contributed to the Québec Pension Plan since you began working.
Enhacing the QPP for better financial security in retirement
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