Child assistance payments
Child assistance payments provide financial assistance to all eligible families who have one or more dependent children under age 18.
When to file an application?
If your child is born in Québec, you do not have to apply to receive child assistance. When the birth of a child is declared to the Directeur de l'état civil, the child is automatically signed up for the child assistance program.
You must apply for Child Assistance Payments if:
- you adopt a child
- you are an immigrant or become a resident of Québec
- your child arrives in or returns to Québec
- you live in Québec but your child was born outside Québec
- you obtain custody of a child
- you obtain shared custody of a child
- you retain custody of a child following the breakdown of your union and you were not previously receiving child assistance payments in your name
- the Régie asks you to apply for child assistance.
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Your first payment
The Régie will send you your first child assistance payment within a maximum of 40 days following receipt of the declaration of your child's birth from the Directeur de l'état civil.
- The Régie des rentes du Québec can pay child assistance retroactively for a maximum period of 11 months from the date an application is received if all of the eligibility requirements are met.
- To receive child assistance, both parents must file their Québec income tax return, even if one or both of them do not have any income to declare.
Calculation of the amount
The amount of the child assistance payment varies from one family to another. It is calculated on the basis of:
- the number of children under age 18 who are living with you
- the number of children in shared custody
- your family income
- your family situation (single-parent or two-parent).
To enable the Régie to calculate the amount to which you are entitled, you and your spouse must file a Québec income tax return.
Terms of payment
- Child assistance payments are made to only one person per family.
- In cases of shared custody, child assistance payments are made to both parents, according to the payment frequency (quarterly or monthly) chosen by each parent.
- A change in family status may have an effect on the amounts to which you are entitled. If you receive overpayments, you will have to repay the Régie.
Change in your family situation
Following a change in your family situation, the Régie recalculates your child assistance payments.
In order to receive the amounts to which you are entitled, you must notify the Régie if any of the following changes occur:
- A change in your conjugal situation (marriage, divorce, separation, etc.)
- New dependent child (adoption, obtained custody, etc.)
- A change in child custody time (end or start of shared custody)
- New Québec resident
- Change of immigrant status in Canada
- Leaving Québec
If you are responsible for the care and education of a child whose impairment significantly limits him or her in carrying out daily activities for a period expected to last for at least one year, you could be entitled to the Supplement for Handicapped Children.
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