Eligibility for a disability pension
If you are under age 65
To be deemed disabled by the Régie, you must:
- have a severe and permanent disability recognized by the Régie's medical advisors
- have contributed sufficiently to the Québec Pension Plan
- be under age 65.
You must not be receiving an unreduced income replacement indemnity from the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST) granted after 31 December 1985.
The fact that an insurance company or other agency or government department considers you to be disabled does not automatically mean that you will be entitled to a disability pension under the Québec Pension Plan, since the eligibility requirements may be different.
Criteria for determining sufficient contributions under the Québec Pension Plan
You have contributed sufficiently to the Québec Pension Plan if you have:
- contributed for at least 2 of the last 3 years in your contributory period
- contributed for at least 5 of the last 10 years in your contributory period
- contributed for at least half of the years in your contributory period, but not less than 2 years
Check your Statement of Participation to see whether you have contributed sufficiently.
Requirements for a severe and permanent disability to be recognized by the Régie's medical advisors
Your disability is recognized as severe and permanent if you are unable to do any type of work on a full-time basis. Your disability is not considered severe by the Régie if you can do work that takes your limitations into account and for which you would earn more than 14 835 $ in 2014. Your severe disability must also be permanent. A severe disability is permanent if it is expected to last indefinitely, without any possibility for improvement.
Temporary disability (or temporary incapacity to work) is not covered under the Québec Pension Plan.
Factors such as language, the availability of work and place of residence are not taken into account in the medical evaluation of a contributor's ability to work.
If you are age 60 to 65
For contributors age 60 to 65 to be deemed to be disabled by the Régie because they are unable to do their regular work, they must show that they recently worked, that is, that they contributed to the Plan for at least 4 of the last 6 years in their contributory period.
If you become disabled before age 65 and you are receiving a retirement pension that you can no longer cancel in order to receive a disability pension, you could be entitled to an additional amount for disability.
At age 65
At age 65 the disability pension will automatically be replaced by a retirement pension. The amount of the retirement pension will be reduced by 6% for each year (0,5% for each month) for which you received a disability pension between the ages of 60 and 65. For example, if you receive a disability pension from age 62 to 65, your retirement pension that begins at age 65 will be reduced by 18% (3 years × 6%).
Depending on your date of birth, you could also be entitled to an Old Age Security pension from the federal government.
Other eligible contributions
If you have contributed to the Canada Pension Plan, the Régie takes those contributions into account when determining entitlement to benefits and calculating the amount of your pension.
If you have participated in the pension plan of a country with which Québec has a social security agreement, those years of contribution can be added to your participation in the Québec Pension Plan, possibly making you eligible for a disability pension.