Calculation of your retirement pension under the Québec Pension Plan

Your retirement pension under the Québec Pension Plan (QPP) is calculated based on:

  • the employment earnings entered in your file under the QPP. Higher earnings will give you a higher pension;
  • the age at which you apply for your pension. At age 65, you obtain 100% of the expected amounts. If you apply for your pension before age 65, you will receive a lower pension for life. If you begin receiving it after age 65, it will be higher for life. It will stop increasing at age 72.

The employment earnings used for the calculation of your retirement pension are those you earned between the month during which you turned 18 and the end of the first of the following months:

  • the month before the first payment of your retirement pension;
  • the month of your 72nd birthday.

Only your employment earnings that exceed $3500 per year are taken into account in the calculation.

If your earnings for the year are higher than the maximum pensionable earnings, the maximum will be used to calculate your pension.

The age at which you begin receiving your pension determines its amount for life. If you are age 65 and you begin receiving your retirement pension this year, it will give you a little over 25% of the average employment earnings you received during your career.

If your pension begins before or after you turn 65, an adjustment factor applies to the pension amount. For a person who begins receiving his or her pension before age 65, the pension decreases by 0.5% to 0.6% for each month before he or she turns 65. On the contrary, for a person who begins receiving his or her pension after age 65, the pension increases by 0.7% for each month that has passed since he or she turned 65. A person therefore receives a higher or lower pension based on the adjustment factor. 

Here are the pensions received each month by persons who applied for their pension to begin in 2024, based on their age when they filed their application.

factor See Note 1
Average pension
(per month) See Note 2
Maximum pension
(per month) See Note 3
60-30% to -36% $457$873
61-24% to -28.8%$502$972
62-18% to -21.6%$547$1070
63-12% to -14.4% $592$1168
64-6% to -7.2%$637$1266
  1. Calculation of the retirement pension is different for persons who receive a disability pension. For more information, consult the Adjustment of the retirement pension for disabled persons page. Back to reference
  2. The amounts represent what is received by persons who have earned employment earnings equal to half the maximum pensionable earnings during their career. Back to reference
  3. The amounts apply to persons entitled to the maximum pension. These persons earned employment income high enough to contribute to the maximum pensionable earnings each year used to calculate their pension amount. Back to reference

Which earnings are not used for the calculation of the retirement pension under the QPP?

We do not take into account the months during which you had no earnings while you were entitled to, as applicable:

  • a disability pension under the Québec Pension Plan or Canada Pension Plan;
  • an income replacement indemnity from the Commission des normes, de l'équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST).
  • family benefits paid by the Québec government or the Canadian government for a child under 7. This period may extend until the end of the year during which the child turned 18. This is the case if you receive the Supplement for Handicapped Children Requiring Exceptional Care for the child.

In addition, if this benefits you, we do not take into account the months during which you earned employment earnings that were lower than your average employement earnings during the same periods.

We can also exclude up to 15% of your lowest employment earnings from the calculation of your pension.

Why are these earnings not used to calculate your pension?

Avoiding taking these earnings into account increases the average used to calculate your pension. Your retirement pension could therefore be higher.

Are you age 65 or over?

Your lower or nil employment earnings will no longer lower the average used to calculate your pension. Therefore, you can stop working, reduce your work hours or choose a lower paying job without it affecting your pension when you decide to apply for it.

What you should know about the amount of your retirement pension

Did you choose to receive your pension after age 70?

You will receive higher payments in the fall of 2024, retroactive to 1 January 2024. In the meantime, your pension amount will be the same as if you had applied for it at age 70.

Here are some things you should know about the calculation of your pension:

Consult your Statement of Participation under the QPP in My Account to find out the employment earning amounts entered in your file. This document also gives you an estimate of your retirement pension.

Have you carried out the financial planning for your retirement?

When you feel it is the right time for you, you will need to apply for a retirement pension. You will not receive it automatically.

Other useful information

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