When should you apply for a retirement pension under the Québec Pension Plan?

The age at which you choose to begin receiving a retirement pension under the Québec Pension Plan (QPP) should be part of the financial planning of your retirement because it will affect your income for the rest of your life

The retirement pension under the Québec Pension Plan is:

  • guaranteed until death
  • protected from inflation

The retirement pension under the QPP is paid until death. It will therefore be a source of income for the rest of your life, unlike your personal savings, which will eventually wear out. In addition, the amount of your retirement pension is indexed each year.

Higher income if you apply for it later

While it is possible for you to receive a retirement pension under the QPP as at age 60, applying later may be to your advantage for several reasons.

If you apply for your retirement pension at age 60, the amount will be lower than if you postpone applying until age 65. And if you apply between ages 65 and 70, the amount will be even higher.

For example

If you were born in January 1960, for a yearly pension of $10 000 at age 65, you could receive the following amounts according to the age at which you begin receiving your pension.

Variation in retirement pension amounts according to age — 2020
Age Pension amount Increase in pension amount compared with a pension received as of age 60
60 $6399$0
61 $7079$680
62 $7775$1376
63 $8496$2097
64 $9244$2844
65 $10 000$3601
66 $10 928$4529
67 $11 869$5470
68 $12 824$6425
69$13 792$7393
70$14 774$8375

As shown in the table, if you begin receiving your pension at age 62 instead of age 60, your pension will be $7775 instead of $6399 and therefore increased by $1376. It is also indexed every year for the rest of your life. And by waiting until age 70, the amount of your pension could double.

To quickly calculate your retirement income, use our SimulR tool.

Note that...

You can apply for a retirement pension and continue working.

Making the right decision

Before applying for a retirement pension under the Québec Pension Plan, you must take other factors into consideration to make sure that your retirement income will be sufficient during your entire retirement. For example, your state of health, your life expectancy, your savings and the effects of taxes on your income are factors that could justify applying for your pension earlier or at a later time. Learn more about those personal factors and consult a financial planner, if necessary, to determine when the best time is to apply for your retirement pension.

You can also obtain an estimate of your pension amount under the QPP between ages 60 and 70 using the participation data recorded in your name under the Québec Pension Plan, by using the CompuPension or SimulR tools. The amount of your retirement pension under the QPP is estimated according to different scenarios and your age at retirement. These tools will also give you an estimate of the savings that you should accumulate in order to meet your needs in retirement.

Have you already carried out the financial planning of your retirement?

If now is the right time to apply for your retirement pension, you can do so by using our online service.

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