Birth and adoption

Child assistance payments provide financial assistance to all eligible families who have one or more dependent children under age 18. The program consists of:

When to file an application?

If your child is born in Québec, you do not have to apply to receive child assistance. When the birth of a child is declared to the Directeur de l'état civil This link will open in a new window., the child is automatically signed up for the child assistance program. 

You must apply for child assistance payments if:

  • you adopt a child
  • you are an immigrant or become a resident of Québec
  • your child arrives in or returns to Québec
  • you live in Québec but your child was born outside Québec
  • you obtain custody of a child
  • you obtain shared custody of a child
  • you retain custody of a child following the breakdown of your union and you were not previously receiving child assistance payments in your name
  • we ask you to apply for child assistance.

Use the My Account online service to check the status of your application or request whenever you want!

Access My Account online to check the status of your application or request and see the changes made to your file instantly.

Your first payment

We will send you your first child assistance payment within a maximum of 40 days following receipt of the declaration of your child's birth from the Directeur de l'état civil This link will open in a new window..

Note that...
  • We can pay child assistance retroactively for a period of 11 months from the date an application is received if all of the eligibility requirements are met.
  • To receive child assistance, both parents must file their Québec income tax return, even if one or both of them do not have any income to declare. For more information on the income tax return, see Revenu Québec's Web site This link will open in a new window.

Schedule of payments

Child assistance payments are made on the first working day of each quarter or month. See our schedule of payments for 2018.

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